Abstract



DECENNIAL EVOLUTION OF HIV/AIDS INFECTION IN ARAD COUNTY DECENNIAL EVOLUTION OF HIV/AIDS INFECTION IN ARAD COUNTY

Emilian Damian Popovici, epidemio@umft.ro, Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timisoara,

Ioana Rucsanda Toma,  ioana_toma14@yahoo.ro, Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timisoara

Victor Toma, ar82vic@gmail.com, County Emergency Clinical Hospital „Pius Brînzeu” Timișoara

Dana Gabriela Negru, dananegruarad@yahoo.com, Epidemiology Medical Office Dr. Negru Dana, Arad

Teodora Olariu, olariu_teodora@yahoo.com, Vasile Goldis” Western University of Arad

Emilian Damian Popovici, epidemio@umft.ro, Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timisoara,

Ioana Rucsanda Toma,  ioana_toma14@yahoo.ro, Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timisoara

Victor Toma, ar82vic@gmail.com, County Emergency Clinical Hospital „Pius Brînzeu” Timișoara

Dana Gabriela Negru, dananegruarad@yahoo.com, Epidemiology Medical Office Dr. Negru Dana, Arad

Teodora Olariu, olariu_teodora@yahoo.com, Vasile Goldis” Western University of Arad

Objectives. After the explosion of pediatric HIV/AIDS cases in 1989-1991in Romania, national health programs became effective by detecting new cases and providing 90% antiretroviral treatment. HIV testing is completely free and monitoring patients with CD4 and viral load has become routine. However, the evolution of new cases is on a slight upward trend and the transmission routes have changed, from nosocomiality to sexual route. Our main objective is to predict the average of annual new cases for the next decade, based on the previous annual averages.

Methods. Data from Infectious Disease department of Arad County Emergency Hospital were analyzed for all available quantitative variables, using IBM SPSS Statistic 20 and MedCalc software packages, descriptive and analytical methods for non-randomized, observational, longitudinal retrospective study, being used, focused mainly on demographic characteristics.

Results. There are 248 HIV/AIDS recorded patients in Arad County, gender distribution being 62.5% men (n=155) and 37.5 women (n=93), with gender ratio of M: F= 1.66:1. Between 1996-2007 a percent of 33.5 (n=83) of the patients were positive, for the most surviving patients diagnosis being made after 2007 (n=165). Annual average of new cases is now 10, but using moving average, results than in the next 12 year this average will rise to 14 new cases every year, starting from 2022. There are only 7 cases aged under 19 (3.22%) and another 7 aged over 50, which means that 91.1% are aged 20-49. The infection transmission route is sexual in 48.3%, nosocomial in 27.2%, unknown in 23.23 and mother –to-child in 1.2% (n=3).

Conclusion. Despite the remarkable progress made in limiting new HIV/AIDS cases, sexual behaviour is very difficult to change, and the lack of individual protection leads to new infections each year. Fortunately, vertical mother-to-child and nosocomial transmission have become non-existent in the last decade. As a public health problem, HIV/AIDS remains a focal point, which must be emphasized by every doctor, teacher and parent to their patients, students and children. All costs at the societal and individual levels remain high andV


78|epidemio@umft.ro|W1-1
34 IUSTI Congress - European Congres on Sexually transmitted Infections and HIV/AIDS
TAMING THE TIDE of STIs & HIV
Bucharest, September 3-5,