Abstract



SEXUAL TRANSMITTED VIRAL HEMORRHAGIC FEVER ; FROM ZOONOSIS TO STD

Simin Aysel Florescu, Corneliu Petru Popescu, Emanoil Ceausu

Clinic of Infectious and Tropical Diseases “Dr. Victor Babes”

University of Medicine and Pharmacy Carol Davila

Objectives: Zoonosis is an infectious disease directly transmitted to humans from infected animals. The risk of zoonotic pathogen to become human-to-human transmissible depends on further adaptation to the human host. Viral hemorrhagic fever diseases are zoonosis with a potential interhuman transmission.

Methods: presentation of epidemiological, pathogenical and clinical data regarding potential sexual transmission of Zika, Chikungunya, Dengue, Ebola, Marburg and Lassa hemorraghic fever.  Starting with Zika disease we have strong data regarding sexual transmission of the atrhropode borne virus to people with no other epidemiologic link. Ebola virus raised the same problem in Ebola disease survivors who infected their sexual partners long time after they were declared cured. Sexual transmission is considered also in Chikungunya, Dengue and Lassa infections. The impact of the possible sexual transmission of a “traditional” hemorraghic fever infection is important in the general context of expanding area of arthropod borne infections and tropical infectious disease due to climate changing, immigration and globalization.

Results: sexual transmission is certain in Zika, Ebola, Marburg disease; the frequencyof reports for Chikungunya and Dengue sexual transmission is increasing; furthermore, studies regarding the viral persistence of live virus  in semen are showing a potential risk for it.

Conclusion: the sexual transmission of viral hemorrhagic fevers represents a real concern for the future years; lessons learned from Zika and Ebola must determin a new approach of this type of infections to prevent outbreaks or even epidemics in non endemic areas.


98|simin.florescu@umfcd.ro|
34 IUSTI Congress - European Congres on Sexually transmitted Infections and HIV/AIDS
TAMING THE TIDE of STIs & HIV
Bucharest, September 3-5,